Indiana Academy of Ophthalmology

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How Often Do Adults Need Eye Exams?

The IAO recommends that a healthy adult get a baseline eye exam at age 40, even if they have no history of eye problems or eye disease. Those who have chronic conditions, such as diabetes or high blood pressure, may require more frequent exams.

From birth through the teenage years, children's eyes are growing and changing quickly. The American Academy of Ophthalmology and the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus have developed specific childhood eye screening guidelines. Follow these guidelines to get your child screened at the right times. These screenings help identify when your child might need a complete eye exam.

Those over age 65 who may be concerned about cost or lack of health insurance, the American Academy of Ophthalmology’s EyeCare America program offers eligible seniors a comprehensive eye exam and up to one year of treatment at no out-of-pocket cost.

Ophthalmologists are Medical Doctors (M.D.) or Doctors of Osteopathy (D.O.) who specialize in the medical and surgical care of the eyes and in the prevention of eye disease and injury.

The IAO promotes the highest quality, comprehensive vision, medical, and surgical eye care. We also provide professional advocacy, education, and value-added business services to our members.



Two out of three Americans falsely believe vision loss is inevitable as we age. Sure, aging can affect your eyes — but vision loss is not the norm. Here are 21 common changes to vision and eye health that aging adults should watch for, and the best ways to protect your sight.

Common signs of aging eyes

  1. Trouble reading fine print
  2. Difficulty seeing at night
  3. Dry eyes
  4. Objects blending into backgrounds
  5. Red, swollen eyelids
  6. Spots or floaters in your vision
  7. Flashes of light
  8. Glare sensitivity
  9. Cataracts
  10. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD)
  11. Glaucoma
  12. Diabetic eye disease
  13. Eye cancer
  14. Falls can cause vision-threatening injuries
  15. Poor sleep
  16. Health problems might show up first in your eyes
  17. Knowing your family's health history can protect your future
  18. Healthy living is especially important as you age
  19. Low vision tools can help
  20. Prepare for exams when caring for people with Alzheimer's and dementia
  21. Plan to get your eyes checked more often as you age



Support The IAO PAC

The IAO PAC is an important part of the lobbying effort of the Indiana Academy of Ophthalmology and we need your support to make it effective.  The IAO PAC provides us with the opportunity to advocate on behalf of patients and all Hoosiers.


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Nearly 250 Indiana Ophthalmologists have come to the indisputable conclusion that membership in the IAO is one of the wisest and most affordable investments they’ve made in the future of their patients, their practice and their profession.

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Address: 125 W. Market Street, Suite 300, Indianapolis, IN 46204 | Phone: 317-577-3062


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